Rheumatic and Congenital Heart Diseases
Rheumatic Heart Disease (RHD) occurs when one or more valves of the heart is damaged which persists even after acute rheumatic fever (ARF) is cured. Inflammation is caused due to ARF which causes damage to the heart valves leading to valve disorder. The blood flow through these valves is interrupted. The acute rheumatic fever is caused by Group A hemolytic Streptococcus or Sterptococcus pyogenes The Chronic rheumatic heart disease is being characterized by inflammation with fibrinous repair. Congenital heart disease is the defect in the heart’s structure which is found at the time of birth. The heart defect affects the normal blood flow through the heart. The symptoms include Abnormal heart rhythms, swelling of body tissues, cyanosis and shortness of breath. The symptoms might be visible in the late life for some individuals even on undergoing treatment during the younger period. There are various types of congenital heart disorders like Atrial septal defect, bicuspid aortic valve, double outlet right ventricle, atrioventricular canal defect etc. The disease may range from simple to complex. Treatment includes surgery or catheterization procedures.